Why Do Football Players Tape Their Wrists?

If you watch football regularly, you may have noticed that players traditionally tape their wrists. Although a small amount of tape around a player’s wrist appears to have very little function, this tradition has multiple uses and may be an important part of a player’s pregame preparation. Although debate exists on how beneficial this tradition is for players, don’t expect it to go away anytime soon.
Football is a contact sport, with a fair number of injuries sustained in games. Pads, helmets and protective shoes support some vulnerable parts of the body, but football players limit protective gear around their arms and hands because of the constant need to grab other players as well as catch and throw the football. However, the wrist is one of the smallest areas of the body with little protection. To avoid the risk of injury and provide support without adding bulk, football players tape their wrists regularly. Although taping a wrist may not completely prevent an injury, tape may lessen the severity of a wrist sprain or prevent a fracture.
Athletic tape may not only prevent an injury, but also help a player returning to the field earlier. Following certain wrist injuries such as sprains, wrist strapping may be beneficial and support the injured area. A player may choose to tape his wrist and play with an injury instead of allowing the area to rest and heal as recommended. The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine does not promote wrist taping for wrist fractures or ligament tears in this area. But for an injury that has healed, wrist taping may provide extra support to help avoid reinjuring the wrist area.
Professional and collegiate players may believe that taping their wrists increases grip strength because of the supportive nature of tape. However, a study published in the “American Journal of Sports Medicine” studied 25 football players who taped their wrists during games. Researchers measured group strength in both taped and free wrists and determined that there were no significant differences in grip strengths. Although other factors play a role in hand strength, taping your wrist does not appear to cause any significant gains in hand strength.
As many sports enthusiasts understand, ritual plays an important role for football players. For a player who is used to having a certain pregame meal or performing a certain warm-up, these aspects of the game, although perhaps contributing minimally to the outcome of the game, mean a great deal to players. Even though taping may not be as beneficial as its promoters suggest, players don’t appear to be willing to give up taping up their wrists, hands and legs on a regular basis.

How to Use the iFit Videos with My NordicTrack Treadmill

The iFit system is a series of multimedia workout programs that allows users to experience customized workout routines and fitness instruction by connecting a multimedia device such as a VCR, CD player, DVD player or MP3 player to an iFit-compatible treadmill and accessing an iFit program using the connected device. The iFit program then communicates with the treadmill through the media player to provide the customized workout. Certain models of NordicTrack treadmills support iFit software by connecting to your media player to allow playback of files containing iFit programs. If you have a NordicTrack treadmill that is iFit-compatible, you can set up any iFit video, CD, DVD or MP3 and be on your way toward reaping the benefits of this innovative workout system in just a few short steps.
Turn off the power to your treadmill and unplug it from its power outlet.
Connect your treadmill to your VCR, CD player, DVD player or MP3 player. Plug the 1/8-inch end of a 1/8-inch-to-RCA audio cable into the input jack on your treadmill’s console. Plug the RCA end of the cable into an “audio out” jack of your media player. You can identify the 1/8-inch end of the cable by the metal ring around the base of the connector; the RCA end of the cable has no metal ring around the connector. You can buy a 1/8-inch-to-RCA cable at major retailers of electronics supplies.
Plug your treadmill and your media player into power outlets and turn them on.
Select the iFit mode on your treadmill by pressing the iFit.com button on your treadmill’s console.
Insert the iFit videocassette, CD or DVD that contains the iFit program you want to use into the media player and press the Play button. If you are using an MP3 file, select the file from your MP3 player’s file menu and press Play.
Begin exercising. The iFit personal trainer will guide you through the workout and the treadmill will beep or chirp before each speed or incline change.
Alter the speed or incline of the program to your comfort level by pressing the Speed Up, Speed Down, Incline Up or Incline Down buttons as necessary; you can do this at any time during a program. Because iFit programs are divided into timed segments, the speed and incline will automatically adjust to the pre-programmed settings at the beginning of each segment of the workout.
Press the Stop button to terminate the program at any time during the workout or wait for the belt to stop after completing the program. You can restart a program by pressing the Start or the Speed Up button.
Remove the treadmill key from the console and remove the iFit video, CD or DVD from your media player after you have finished exercising. If you use an iFit file in MP3 format, simply turn the MP3 player off.

Rules for Blocking a Field Goal in College Football

Blocking a field goal can change the course of a game. And since there are so many ways to block a field goal, there have to be rules that govern every variation. Some football rules are tricky and luckily the NCAA has it covered.
The long snapper or snapper is the player who hikes the ball to the holder, who then holds the ball for the kicker to attempt the field goal. The snapper is usually in the middle of the line. According to NCAA rules, the side trying to block the kick attempt cannot contact the snapper for at least one second after he snaps the ball. The only exception is if the snapper initiates or starts the contact with the defense. This rule is to prevent the defense from bowling over the snapper as he moves the ball and getting an easy blocked kick.
According to NCAA rules, when a team tries a field goal, no player on the defense can run into or rough the holder or kicker during the play. Exceptions to this rule occur if you block the kick. If you touch or alter the kick, it is OK to make contact with the holder and kicker. However, if you do not make contact with the ball, you will get a penalty for touching the kicker or holder. In addition, only the player that blocked the kick can make contact with the holder or kicker, not all of the players on the team. If you are blocked into the kicker the penalty does not count and you can tackle the holder or kicker if they attempt to run with or advance the ball.
The defensive team has some other restrictions when it tries to block a field goal in college football. Defenders cannot jump on a teammate or be boosted up by a teammate in order to be higher to block the field goal attempt. Doing so will be a penalty and if you block the kick or the offense misses the kick, they will get a 15-yard penalty and a re-kick opportunity. In addition, players cannot hurdle or jump over the offensive line to block a kick. That infraction will be assessed a 15-yard penalty as well. In addition, a new rule was proposed in 2011 that would restrict the defense from performing a three on one triple-team against an offensive lineman during a field-goal attempt. According to the NCAA proposal, it would be illegal for defense to line up three players shoulder to shoulder and advance into an offensive player. This is meant to protect the lineman and would be a 5-yard penalty under the new rules proposal.
After the defensive team blocks a field goal attempt, players are free to advance the ball. On kicks that do not cross the line of scrimmage or are blocked behind the line, the offensive team is allowed to recover and advance the ball as well. However, NCAA rules state that an attempt that is blocked that crosses the line of scrimmage can only be advanced by the defense unless the defense first touches the ball and subsequently fumbles the ball.

Pros & Cons of Children Having Mobile Phones

Cell phones are a must-have accessory among children, tweens and teens. As of 2010, as many as 75 percent of 12 to 17 year olds had their own cell phones, according to The Pew Charitable Trusts. There are many advantages, as well as drawbacks, to allowing your child to have a cell phone. As a parent, you know your child best, so after weighing all the factors only you can decide what age is right for your child to have a cell phone.
In the event of an emergency, having a cell phone allows your child to contact the police, fire department or ambulance service immediately. You can also contact your child if there is a family emergency. With terrorist threats and school shootings turning into a sad reality, a cell phone can serve as a lifeline between you and your child. Many phones are now equipped with GPS and safety apps, which will allow you to track your child¡¯s phone and, hence, your child if needed.
Having to look after a cell phone and using it with care will teach your child about the importance of responsibility. Set guidelines on cell phone usage. Your child will have to learn how to use his cell phone within the limits imposed by you.
Cell phones allow the convenience of your child being able to contact you easily without having to look for a pay phone and quarters. They also allow you to contact your child with ease. For example, if your child is late coming home from school, instead of sitting and worrying you can easily contact her. Your child can also inform you if there has been a change of plan–for example, if the school bus is running late or if he is going to a friend¡¯s house and will be home late. Your child can also utilize her smart phone for helping with school work, by looking up information about school work online.
Children often use their cell phones during class time to send or receive text messages or to play games, causing both distraction and disruption. Cell phones can be used as an aid for cheating on test and exams, by students sending one another test answers via text message. Cameras on cell phones can be used to take inappropriate pictures of other students discreetly, which can then be distributed or shared online.
Although many cell phone service providers are offering cost-effective plans for families, you still have to be careful as there are many charges that you may be unaware of. These include being charged if your child uses more minutes than those in the plan, sending text messages or picture messages, downloading apps, buying ring tones and using the Internet. .
Many cells phones offer Internet access, giving your child an opportunity visit websites and use social media that you may not normally allow your child to access. This gives her the independence and opportunity to communicate with people from all walks of life, including sexual predators. Your child may be more prone to bullying. Bullies are using text messages and social media as a method of victimization, and malicious gossip is also often spread via social media, as well.

Fifa Soccer Rules for Handball

The topic of handball is an often contentious area of the soccer rulebook, which seems to be involved in some form of controversial incident on an almost weekly basis. FIFA, the world soccer governing body, does not define the term handball in its rulebook. However, FIFA does have a series of rules referring to the outcome of a player¡¯s handling of the ball during a match and the various consequences of this action for both the player and the restart of a match.
A handball occurs if any player, other than the team¡¯s goalkeeper within his own penalty area, deliberately handles the ball when in play. A ball can be handled with any part of the arm, from the tips of a player¡¯s fingers right up to the shoulder.
A handball should result in a yellow card caution if a player handles the ball for the purpose of deliberately preventing an opponent from getting possession of the ball. The resulting restart to play should be a direct free kick from the spot at which the infringement was committed for the non-offending side. If this occurs inside the penalty area, a penalty should be awarded.
A handball becomes a sending off offense when a player is judged to have handled the ball to prevent a direct scoring opportunity such as a shot on an empty goal, or to have prevented a move that might have resulted in a direct scoring opportunity such as a breakaway. The infringing player should be given a straight red card and a direct free kick taken from the spot of the infringement. If this occurs inside the penalty area, a penalty should be awarded.
A handball should not be awarded if a player is ruled to have handled the ball accidentally. This refers to a player either attempting to protect himself from injury, for example by placing the hands in front of the face and then being hit by the ball, or a player being hit on the arm by the ball without moving towards the ball and without being able to move out of the way. An example might be a snap shot hitting the arm of a defender at point-blank range. However, if a player¡¯s arm is in an unnatural position, for example outstretched or above their head, then a foul should be awarded whether accidental or not.

How to Soak in Epsom Salt

The health benefits of Epsom salt date back to their discovery in the English town of Epsom during Shakespearean times. Soaking in Epsom salt can reduce swelling, ease muscle and joint pain, and help your circulatory system function more effectively, according to the Epsom Salt Council.
Fill a bathtub with warm water. The water should be warm, but not too hot.
Add 2 cups of Epsom salt to the running water. If you have an oversized bathtub or a garden tub, double the amount of Epsom salt to 4 cups.
Soak for at least 12 minutes and ideally for 15 to 20 minutes, three times a week for maximum benefits.
Fill a foot tub with warm water so that it’s deep enough to completely cover your feet.
Add 1 cup of Epsom salt to the warm water, using your hands to mix the salts into the water.
Submerge your feet in the warm water for 12 to 15 minutes.
Repeat three times a week or as needed.

Nigerian Football History

Since the 1945 introduction of the Nigerian Football Federation, the West African nation has become a top soccer contender on the international stage. Nigeria, under British control for centuries, has played in the World Cup and Olympics, and held its own professional national championships since gaining full independence in 1960.
Although sports have been an integral part of Nigerian society for centuries, they were little more than leisure activities. Prior to 1963, few athletes made an international impact, especially in football. According to Online Nigeria, the National Sports Commission was founded to lay the foundation for all sporting event organization in Nigeria. Though the Nigerian Football Federation already was a governing body, football in Nigeria was still confined to the African boundaries, rarely making appearances outside the continent. Championships were played among rival clubs from Lagos, Port Harcourt and Calabar.
Nigeria began participating in Africa’s Challenge Cup in the 1960s. The Cup was originally named the Governer’s Cup by the British. The Challenge Cup fueled Nigeria’s desire to play in the World Cup, though the team was unsuccessful in qualification matches. But Nigeria qualified for the 1970 World Cup in Mexico. It produced widespread national interest, along with more emphasis on Nigerian soccer. In 1972, the Nigerian National League was born, beginning with five teams and growing to 12 by 1978.
Nigeria won bronze medals in the 1976 and 1978 African Cup of Nations competition. In 1980, the Super Eagles won the championship in Lagos. In 1984 and 1988, Nigeria captured silver medals in the tournament.
Since the 1980s, Nigeria’s U-17 team has won three international world championships, including in 2007. Nigeria qualified for the 2010 World Cup in South Africa with a 3-2 victory over Kenya in 2009. Nigeria tied South Korea 2-2 in South Africa, but lost to Greece and Argentina and failed to make it out of the first round. Nigeria, which has produced top players such as Mikel John Obi and Jay-Jay Okocha, will again be a favorite during qualifying for the 2014 World Cup in Brazil.

How Has Soccer Affected the World?

With 265 million active players, soccer is bound to have effects in societies at large. The game arouses passionate devotion in its fans and great riches for its players and team owners, with impacts that can uplift or disrupt lives and nations.
Modern soccer was born in England in 1863 when a group of players agreed on rules for a kicking game. The simplicity of soccer, with its 17 rules and need for only a ball and a patch of ground, allowed players of humble origin to play and excel at the game. Soccer became linked to Britain¡¯s class system, as the working class gravitated to ¡°football¡± while the upper classes preferred cricket and rugby. From the 1960s onward, hooligans fueled by heavy drinking and sometimes nationalism rampaged at and near soccer stadiums. Fans organized themselves into command-and-control structures called ¡°firms¡± attached to specific clubs to engage in ritual combat.
Soccer made its way across the English Channel to become wildly popular in Continental Europe. During the 1914 Christmas truce of World War I, German and British troops put down their weapons and played a soccer game. German and Dutch fans in the 1980s and 1990s also engaged in hooliganism, and in 1985 English clubs and fans began a five-year ban from continental play after a wall collapse during violent riots at a Brussels stadium killed 39 fans.
Mahatma Gandhi realized soccer¡¯s appeal to the disenfranchised. Before moving to India to lead its independence drive, in 1904 he established soccer clubs, each named the Passive Resisters Soccer Club, in Durban, Pretoria and Johannesburg. He is credited with involving non-whites in sporting activities, laying a foundation more than a century later for the 2010 World Cup, held in South Africa. As of 2010, an estimated 1,000 African soccer players make their living in European pro leagues. Along with Brazil¡¯s 5,000 pros in Europe, they provide a talent upgrade to clubs at all levels.
Soccer passions burn brightly in Latin America. Stadiums such as Mexico City¡¯s 105,000-capacity Azteca create a hostile environment for visiting teams trying to qualify for the World Cup. In 1969, Salvador and Honduras went to war for four days in the wake of a violent World Cup qualifying match. Colombia¡¯s national squad performed exceptionally well in the 1980s and early 1990s, with improvements funded by drug lords who created training camps and improved national soccer standards. Tragedy ensued with the slaying of Colombia phenomenon Andres Escobar after he accidentally committed an own goal in a 1994 World Cup match against the United States. The region also features success stories, such as Brazil¡¯s Ronaldinho, who earns $35 million a year and inspires millions of aspiring players in his home country.
Though soccer swiftly arrived in the United States right after its invention in England, the game remained in the shadows of baseball and basketball. In 1996, American women vastly increased appreciation for the sport with a gripping gold-medal performance at the Olympic games in Atlanta. Ranked No. 1 in the world as of 2010, the United States dominates women¡¯s soccer at the Olympic and international levels. Stars such as Mia Hamm, Michelle Akers, Julie Foudy and Abby Wambach strive to inspire young female athletes.

Home Remedies for Heel Pain

Heel pain is a common problem. According to the American Physical Therapy Association, plantar fasciitis is the most prevalent cause of heel pain, affecting 2 million adults annually. The plantar fascia is the dense cord on the bottom of the foot, connecting the heel bone to the toes and supporting the arch. This tissue can become injured due to overuse or being overweight and out of shape. Plantar fasciitis is characterized by Intense heel pain with the first few steps after sleep or rest and typically subsides with use as the tissue warms up and stretches.
The most effective home remedy for heel pain caused by plantar fasciitis is rest. Avoid the aggravating activity. For active people, this is often running, power walking or other high impact exercise. Choose a low impact replacement such as cycling, swimming or rowing. Icing can also help relieve symptoms. An easy way to ice the plantar fascia is to roll the arch on a frozen water bottle. Replace old, worn-out shoes with new supportive ones.
According to a review of plantar fasciitis in the winter 2014 issue of “The Permanente Journal,” stretching the plantar fascia is the most effective long-term treatment for plantar fasciitis. To stretch the plantar fascia, while seated, cross the foot over the opposite knee. Grasp the toes and gently pull back to stretch the arch. With the other hand, massage the arch while you hold the stretch. Another stretching option is to roll the foot on a tennis ball. Using one or both of these stretches, complete three minutes of stretches, three times daily.
Stretching the calf is also important and effective in plantar fasciitis treatment. Use a towel like a strap to stretch the calf from a seated position with the legs extended in front. Wrap the towel around the ball of the foot and gently pull back to stretch the calf. Another calf stretch can be done from a standing position. Lean into a wall or railing, supporting yourself with your hands. Extend the affected leg behind you with knee straight and the heel flat on the floor. Complete 3 minutes of calf stretches, 3 times daily.
Being overweight or obese increases your risk for developing plantar fasciitis. Overweight, middle-aged women are at higher risk. Weight loss is recommended to lessen the force on the plantar fascia. Strengthening exercises for the foot may also help. Practice picking up marbles with the toes to strengthen the intrinsic muscles of the foot. Start with 20 marbles on the floor. Pick them up 1 by 1 with your toes and place them in a box. Complete 3 sets.
Plantar fasciitis can be slow to heal, taking up to a year or longer to completely resolve. But these home remedies should provide some relief from acute pain. Rest alone should provide significant relief within 7 to 10 days. If not, make an appointment to see your doctor. Also, If your pain doesn’t fit the classic symptom of morning pain in the central heel that subsides with moderate activity, plantar fasciitis might not be the culprit. See your doctor for a proper diagnosis.

How to Bear Weight After a Broken Foot

Your foot is a relatively small part of your body, but it contains close to 25 percent of all of your body’s bones. Since your feet are responsible for bearing your weight and helping you move, breaking a bone can be very painful. It is important to follow your doctor’s directions regarding weight-bearing after you have sustained a foot fracture. The exact placement of the break will determine how long you will be off your feet.
Limit your activities for at least four weeks after you have been diagnosed with either a broken foot or a stress fracture of one of the bones. This most likely means you won’t be doing any weight bearing for at least a month, unless the fracture is located in your toe, which is generally less limiting than breaking one of your metatarsals, which are the long bones in your foot.
Provide your foot with ample support as you begin to bear weight. Depending on the nature of your injury, you may already be wearing a cast to immobilize your foot as the bones heal. Your doctor may also prescribe a rigid-soled fracture boot that keeps your foot in the proper position as you start walking again.
Use a mobility aid to help you get around in the early stages of weight-bearing after having a broken foot. If you have been using crutches before you are allowed to bear weight, you might now use them as a support as you experiment with the amount of weight you can bear without pain. A cane can come in handy once you are more comfortable and stable on your feet and no longer require the dual-sided support of crutches.
Bear weight gradually and slowly once you are given the green light to walk independently. Your muscles have been immobile for several weeks and you will not have the same stamina or strength you had before the break. Take it easy, move slowly and have patience. With the right guidance and physical therapy, most people completely recover from a broken foot with full range of motion.