While your weight can be a reflection of your current state of health, your height usually isn’t. According to “Scientific American,” 20 to 40 percent of your height is determined by environmental factors like nutrition, but 60 to 80 percent is determined by genetics. Whether you’re tall, short or average, you can still be healthy. On the other hand, your weight is due mainly to the amount of fat and muscle mass you’re carrying around. One quick way to tell if you’re at a healthy weight is your body mass index (BMI), which takes into account your height and weight. If you’re curious how you stack up against other men, here are the data about average height and weight of men around the world.
The average adult American male is 5 feet 9.5 inches tall, according to data collected by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention between 2007 and 2010. Averages vary by racial and ethnic groups. For example, the average adult non-Hispanic white male is 5 feet 9.8 inches tall and the average adult non-Hispanic black male is 5 feet 9.5 inches tall. The average height of adult Hispanic males is 5 feet 7.1 inches. Among adult Mexican American males — who are also included in the category of Hispanic — the average height is 5 feet 6.9 inches. Height also varies by country. Here are a list of 15 countries and how they stack up with the US. America: 5 feet 9.5 inches Canada: 5 feet 9 inches Mexico: 5 feet 5.75 inches Australia: 5 feet 8.75 inches Spain: 5 feet 10 inches Germany: 5 feet 11.25 inches The UK: 5 feet 9.75 inches Russia: 5 feet 9.25 inches China: 5 feet 5.75 inches Japan: 5 feet 7.25 inches Brazil: 5 feet 8.25 inches France: 5 feet 9.25 inches India: 5 feet 4.75 inches Greece: 5 feet 10.25 inches Italy: 5 feet 9.25 inches The country with the tallest men is the Netherlands, where men are an average of 6 feet 0.25 inches. And the country with the shortest men is Indonesia, where they men average 5 feet 2.25 inches.
The average adult American male (20 years and older) is 195.5 pounds, according to the CDC. As with height, averages vary by racial and ethnic groups. For example, the average adult non-Hispanic white male weighs 199.2 pounds, and the average adult non-Hispanic black male weighs 199.4. The average adult Hispanic males weight 186.1 pounds. Among adult Mexican American males — who are also included in the category of Hispanic — the average weight is 185.4. Weight also varies by country. Here are a list of nine countries and how they stack up with the US. America: 195.5 pounds Canada: 177 pounds Brazil: 160.3 pounds Chile: 170.4 pounds Germany: 181.7 pounds The UK: 185.2 pounds Finland: 181 pounds South Korea: 151.2 pounds Sweden: 180.6 pounds
There are a number of factors that influence how tall a person grows, though most of them fall into one of two categories: genetics and environment. The taller the rest of your family is, the more likely you are to be tall. As far as environmental factors, statistically speaking, children from families of higher socioeconomic classes are taller than their counterparts in lower socioeconomic classes. This primarily has to do with the quality of nutrition and healthcare provided to the children during critical growth periods. While your weight does depend a little bit on genetic factors like the weight and metabolism of your parents and grandparents, for the most part, it depends on your lifestyle choices. If your diet primarily contains unhealthy, high-calorie foods and you get little exercise, you’ll likely carry extra weight. If however, you eat a healthy, balanced diet and get plenty of exercise, your body will natural settle at an ideal weight.
So what can you do if you want to be taller? As a fully grown man, not much. But you can appear taller by practicing good posture, which gives you a few inches over a hunched posture, and wear clothing that fits you properly without being too baggy. Other style tips include dressing monochromatically, avoiding belts and vests, buttoning your coat or jacket above your bellybutton and wearing accessories only on the top portion of your body. Of course, you can always wear lifts in your shoes, too, for a temporary height boost. Eating right and exercising also plays a role. Though a proper diet won’t necessarily make you grow taller, getting plenty of vitamins and minerals through food sources will make you less likely to lose height as you age. And strength training builds bone density and develops the muscles that you’ll need to stand up straight and tall well into old age.
If you want to lose weight, your caloric output (the calories you burn each day) should exceed your caloric input (the calories you eat each day). In order to achieve this, you need to aim to exercise for at least 30 minutes for most days of the week, and your diet should focus on lean protein and fresh fruits and vegetables. It might also be helpful to track the calories you burn and consume on an app like Livestrong.com’s MyPlate app, where you can enter the food you consume each day as well as track your exercise.
Hockey is 60 minutes of intense skating, shooting, blocking, checking and penalties. Sixty minutes is not always enough to decide the outcome of a National Hockey League game. Sixty minutes may also not be enough for the hockey fan as Forbes.com reports a drastic increase in hockey revenue and popularity. For this reason, the NHL enforces strict overtime rules and regulations to systematically determine the outcome of the game.
The NHL plays three 20-minute periods. There are two 17 minute intermissions between periods. The official game timekeeper provides each team with five minutes notice before resuming the next period’s play. A goalie, two defensemen, a center and two forwards are generally found on this ice during regulation with the exception of penalty time.
Should regulation end in a tie, a five-minute overtime period is played. According to the NHL 2010-2011 Rulebook, the overtime period is sudden death. Sudden death means the first team to score a goal wins the game. Overtime hockey is played four on four.
If neither team has scored at the end of the overtime period, a shootout occurs. In a shootout, three players from each team take penalty shots. The players are pre-selected by the coaches prior to the start of the game. Penalty shots are awarded in regulation when a player loses the opportunity to score on a breakaway — a clear one-on-one opportunity — as the result of a foul by a defensive player. The players participate in a three-round shootout. The team who scores the most penalty shots wins. If the game is still tied, the shootout becomes sudden-death.
According to the NHL Rulebook, shootouts do not occur in playoff games. Twenty-minute overtime periods occur. These periods are sudden death. In NHL history, the longest overtime game reached six overtime periods.
In the event of a tie in the NHL, each team is awarded a point. Points are recorded to determine league standings in the NHL. The winner of overtime will be awarded an additional point. In shootouts, goals are awarded to the team and are not recorded as part of an individual player’s statistics.
Smoothies might seem like the perfect snack or between-meal drink for an athlete, seeing as they’re full of nutritious fruit. While smoothies can be beneficial for some athletes under certain circumstances, they may not always be the best choice. Whether a smoothie will help you reach your goals depends on a number of factors.
When you’re coming up to a big event or competition, loading up on carbohydrates in the few days before can increase your glycogen stores, giving you more energy on the day. Getting in enough carbs from whole foods like bread and pasta can be difficult, as they’re filling and may make you feel bloated, so liquid carbs might be better. Australia’s AIS Sports Nutrition recommends having a smoothie made with bananas, low-fat milk and honey as a staple snack on a carb-loading day.
Drinking smoothies is an easy way to ensure you’re getting plenty of vitamins and minerals from fruits and vegetables to support immune function, recovery and general health. Tara Ostrowe, nutritionist to the New York Giants, regularly includes smoothies in the Giants players’ diets. She recommends adding plenty of fruits and vegetables, such as carrots, kale, lemons, beets, celery, watermelon, apples and blueberries.
For athletes competing in strength- and power-based sports or those where carrying extra muscle bulk is advantageous, it can be tricky ingesting enough calories through whole foods alone. Sports nutritionist Anita Bean recommends using smoothies in this instance, adding that milk-based drinks increase muscle protein manufacture after exercise. A good post-workout smoothie could include one or two fruits, one or two vegetables, skim milk and optional additions of protein powder, peanut butter or crushed nuts to boost the calorie content.
On the face of it, smoothies can appear to be the perfect addition to any athlete’s diet. Exercise caution, though, warns dietitian Tanya Zuckerbrot. Premade smoothies can contain up to 600 calories, the majority of which come from sugar. This could be a disaster for an athlete who needs to keep weight down or doesn’t require a lot of calories. A better option is to make smoothies at home so you can control the exact ingredients.
Flag football can be a safe alternative to tackle football for kids since it’s not about knocking heads. The players wear flags on their hips, and play stops when a defender yanks a flag off of a ball carrier. However, there¡¯s a lot more to the sport than running up and down the field pulling flags. It does have some rules, which may vary by league.
A typical youth flag football game consists of five to 10 players. The only equipment necessary is a football and Velcro flag belts, but some leagues also require a mouth guard. Standard games last 40 minutes. Tied games go into overtime, and the first team to score wins.
Blocking rules may vary between leagues, but what counts as a legal stop is universal. The defender has to pull the flag off the ball carrier’s belt, which is no easy trick since that player is on the move. Holding the runner up in any way to make a grab easier isn’t legal. Players also can’t leave their feet to snatch a flag. The play ends when the flag hits the ground, or the defender holds up the captured flag to a referee. Some leagues permit a pass rush as long as the players start 10 yards behind the line of scrimmage.
Once a ball gets snapped, it’s live until it goes out of bounds, points are scored, or the ball carrier¡¯s flag is pulled. Play is also whistled dead if the carrier¡¯s arm or knee touches the ground, or someone with just one flag catches a ball.
The number of downs may vary, but most leagues will have four like regular football. The first possession starts at the 5-yard line, and that team gets that set number of downs to cross midfield. If they do, they get another set of downs to score. If they fail, the other team gets the ball at its own 5. Some advanced leagues may drop that last rule and use punters instead.
Flag football at any level follows the same rules of tackle football when it comes to offense. A quarterback takes a snap, can pass or hand off, and no forward passes are allowed beyond the line of scrimmage. Touchdowns are worth six points, but the big scoring difference is in extra points. A team can try a run from the 5 for one point, or from the 12 for two. Some leagues will put up two points for a successful extra point pass.
Soccer moves range from the simple to the sublime, with all designed to achieve the same basic result. When you are dribbling the ball towards an opponent, these moves allow you to beat a defender using a mix of technique and trickery.
Named after the legendary Dutch international Johan Cruyff, this move involves misdirection. Approach the ball as if you are about to shoot or cross. As your striking foot reaches the ball, drag the ball back behind your standing leg. Turn your body in the direction of the ball and move past the fooled defender.
You can beat a flat-footed, static defender by playing the ball between his legs, gliding past him and collecting the ball on the other side.
The 360 spin is an elegant move made famous by players such as Diego Maradona and Zinedine Zidane. Approach the defender with the ball close to your body. As you close in, turn your body to shield the ball. Rather than stopping, continue to rotate your body while delicately moving the ball through the rotation. The 360-degree movement should take you to one side of the defender, at which point you can move on with the ball.
Blackpool¡¯s Stanley Matthews was one of the most effective wingers of his generation, and his trademark move caused havoc on the wings. As you dribble towards a defender, tap the ball slightly to the left using the inside of your right foot. If the defender moves in that direction, quickly use the outside of your right foot to flick the ball to the right of the defender, skipping past him and continuing down the wing.
You can use the jump cut when you are dribbling with a defender at your side. Slightly overrun the ball and tap it at 90 degrees behind your standing leg. The defender will overshoot the ball while you cut off to one side, losing your opponent and gaining some space.
Use one foot to position the ball on the back of your standing leg. When in place, flick the ball over your head so that it lands in front of you. This move, known as the rainbow kick or Ardiles flick, is rarely used in competitive matches due to the difficulty involved. However, it remains one of the most famous moves in soccer, thanks in part to Ossie Ardiles¡¯ character in the 1981 film ¡°Escape to Victory.¡±
Players such as Pele and Cristiano Ronaldo have made the step-over one of the most famous moves in soccer. While facing your opponent, circle your foot over the top of the ball without touching it. As you complete the circle, use the outside of your boot to flick the ball past your opponent.
With a defender close in front of you, drag the ball back with one foot. As the defender moves in, use the same foot to push the ball forward at 45 degrees to one side of your opponent, skipping past the challenge and advancing up the field.
If you want to fake left before moving right, simply drop your left shoulder as you approach a defender, suggesting that you will be taking the ball in that direction. Then, quickly push off to the right with your left foot, taking the ball with you.
Players use the stop-turn technique to prevent the ball from rolling out of play, but it can also be effective in attacking situations. With the ball rolling ahead of you, place one foot on top of it and stop it dead. You must also stop your own momentum, allowing you to move off with the ball in an alternative direction. Be careful if an opposing player is following close behind you.
The center midfielder, to borrow from American football terminology, serves as the ¡°quarterback¡± of a soccer team. ¡°She¡¯s the all-important hub of the team, off of which the spokes of the team¡¯s wheels spin,¡± observes Maryland-based women¡¯s competitive team coach Wes Harvey. While goalkeepers need fearlessness, and strikers and central defenders pure speed, ¡°center mids¡± must possess standout versatility to excel.
Center midfielders need first-rate foot skills to permit receiving, possessing and distributing the ball. You¡¯ll operate mainly in the busy middle of the field, and if you can¡¯t control a pass that comes to you, it will ricochet away, likely to the opposing team¡¯s center midfielder or defenders. Successful center midfielders radiate a certain confidence and calm with the ball at their feet, fending off challenges by the opposing team by rotating to shield the ball and giving themselves time to think and survey their options.
You need to have 360-degree vision of the field and must be comfortable serving as a link in a chain of passes that may go forward to strikers, laterally to wing midfielders or back to the defensive midfielder, fullbacks or goalkeeper. You might also need to take matters into your own hands, bypassing the forwards to score. Famed French midfielder Zinedine Zidane, for example, scored two headers on corner kicks to send France past Brazil in the 1998 World Cup final.
Allied to decision-making ability is superb knowledge of the game. You¡¯ll need to know when to attack and when to help on defense. Since you need to think and react more quickly than other players, you¡¯ll need a firm understanding of soccer tactics and strategies. In the common 4-4-2 formation, featuring four defenders, four midfielders and two strikers, your team will have two central midfielders, one in an attacking role and one in a defensive role. You¡¯ll act like twin stars to make good things happen. You both need to make yourselves available to any teammate, in any position or location, by running to an open space and calling for the ball authoritatively from your teammate.
Zidane was said to have stepped on every blade of grass during a soccer match, a statement indicating that he felt free to roam away from the middle of the pitch and a testament as well to his endurance. Conditioning is crucial to the center midfielder. Strikers can take a little rest when the ball is at the other end of the field, as can defenders. As a center midfielder, you need to stay close to the action, especially if the team strategy relies on possessing the ball, as professional clubs like Barcelona or Arsenal do. National teams from Brazil, Italy and Spain depend heavily on this position, and their center mids display exceptional conditioning.
Football players must undergo a workout regimen that includes various types of training: weight, speed, conditioning, agility and flexibility. These workouts keep football players in top physical shape throughout the season, increasing strength, size, stamina, speed and quickness. When performing these workouts, make sure you use the same amount of intensity you would during a football game or practice. Performing all the drills and exercises as fast as possible will prepare the body to play four quarters of football.
Work on your speed with sprints three to four days weekly. Stay on the balls of your feet and keep your body leaning forward. Keep your strides short and powerful. Perform drills such as 100-yard sprints, 50-yard sprints and 20-yard sprints. Alternating the distance improves your starting speed and breakaway speed. The drills will also help simulate playing in a football game, helping you get into top physical condition.
Perform agility exercises such as cone drills, zigzag runs, power hops and the square drill. These drills will improve your agility, coordination, balance and foot quickness. When you improve in these areas, you will be able to elude tacklers, cover receivers, make tackles and run faster routes. Do agility training three to four days weekly.
Perform weight training exercises to increase strength ¡ª an important factor for football players. Four days per week, complete exercises such as power cleans, squats, snatches, dead lifts and overhead presses. These exercises are multiple joint movements that train the entire body. Strength Coach Dos Remedios states, “Focus on total body movements such as power cleans, jerks, snatches, squats, etc. Remember, football is a POWER sport that is played on your feet; this necessitates the inclusion of specific explosive training in your weight workouts.”
Perform stretching exercises. Complete one for each muscle group. Stetching helps prevent injuries and promotes recovery. Stretch each muscle group between 15 and 30 seconds for between two and three sets. Stretch before and after training.
Child custody laws are made by the state, meaning residents of Los Angeles must follow the laws of the state of California when filing for child custody. However, county courts are free to create their own specific procedures that parents must follow before being able to file for custody. Los Angeles County allows parents to submit their own parenting plan to the court if both parents agree to a specific custody arrangement, but mandates mediation and education for parents who cannot come to agreement.
Obtain a Petition for Custody and Support of Minor Children from the Los Angeles County Family Court. If you have difficulty finding the form, ask for assistance from the court clerk.
Fill out the petition in its entirety, supplying all required information. The petition asks for information about your custody preferences and the children involved in the custody dispute. Boxes labeled “Petitioner” refer to you, while boxes labeled “Respondent” refer to your spouse or ex-spouse.
Obtain either the Income and Expense Declaration form or the Financial Statement (Simplified) form. The former is more expansive and is appropriate for any petitioner, while the latter is appropriate only if you have a single income from one employer and no particular expenses you need the court to consider, such as ongoing medical bills.
Fill out the financial form completely, noting all of your income and any particular expenses you need the court to consider. The court will use this form to make child support decisions. Include copies of your most recent three pay stubs or a recent profit and loss statement.
Submit the child custody petition and financial form to the family court. Your spouse or ex-spouse does not have to sign the form unless you are submitting a parenting plan that you both have agreed to.
Attend a Parents and Children Together, or P.A.C.T., educational program offered by the family court. Dates and times for these events are available from the court’s clerk. This program is mandatory for any parents who do not submit a parenting plan.
Attend mandatory mediation from the Family Court Services Department if you did not submit a parenting plan. This mediation is free, and pairs a family mediator with you and your spouse or former spouse. This gives you an opportunity to come to a parenting agreement without litigation. If you are unable to come to an agreement, the mediator will instruct you to return to the family court clerk and obtain a date for a hearing.
Attend the hearing and bring any documentation you wish to provide for evidence. Your evidence should include support for everything you intend to assert while making your case for custody. You should also bring financial records, as the judge will determine child support at this hearing as well.
Wait until the judge finalizes his ruling and the court sends you an official order that outlines the custody plan.
Bacterial, viral, fungal and parasitic diseases exist on the skin and in mucus, blood and other body fluids. Some germs are transferred through inhalation and others are obtained by touch. The transfer of fecal-to-oral diseases occurs when an infected person does not use good hand-washing technique with soap and water and handles food content or any substance that enters the mouth. Washing hands after bathroom use can significantly reduce transmission of diseases and illness.
Hand-foot-mouth disease, caused by the coxsackie virus and other enteroviruses, shows symptoms of blister-like bumps in the mouth, on the palms of the hands and bottoms of the feet, reports Children’s Hospital Boston. The virus spreads by ingesting food or drink contaminated with fecal content. Thorough washing of the hands following bathroom use is vital in preventing the spread of hand-foot-mouth disease. Since antibiotics are ineffective against viruses, treatment consists of comfort measures for fever and blisters.
Hepatitis A, a highly contagious viral liver infection, manifests with symptoms such as fatigue, yellowing of the skin, dark urine, nausea and vomiting. MayoClinic.com reports that symptoms usually don’t appear until a month after incurring the virus, and the symptoms last from less than two to six months. Some people with hepatitis A never show any signs of the disease. Hepatitis A transmission occurs when someone contaminated with the virus does not thoroughly wash his or her hands after bathroom use and handles food consumed by others. Treatment for a known hepatitis A exposure includes a hepatitis A vaccine within two weeks of exposure.
Shigellosis is a bacterial infection with symptoms that include watery diarrhea, abdominal cramps and fever. If the disease progresses to dysentery, the stool contains mucus, blood and pus. Shigellosis spreads easily from one person to another by ingesting food contaminated by infected people who do not use adequate hand-washing technique with soap and water after using the bathroom. The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library states that symptoms usually resolve within four to eight days. Treatment with antibiotics such as azithromycin or ciprofloxacin is prescribed, if the infection is severe.
Giardiasis is a parasitic illness of the intestine with symptoms such as gas, cramping and diarrhea. Giardiasis spreads easily by drinking infected water from untreated sources or by hand-to-fecal contact. FamilyDoctor.org reports that workers in daycare centers should use thorough hand-washing techniques after diaper changes to help prevent the spread of giardiasis from one child to another. Diagnosis requires examination of stool samples under a microscope. Treatment usually consists of metronidazole for five to 10 days. For children younger than 5, furazolidone may be the treatment of choice. The doctor may request a repeat sample to confirm the disease is totally gone.
A properly designed grass football field does not lie perfectly flat. The surface of the field often arcs a foot or more from the sidelines to the midfield to allow excess water to drain off. Without a crown, as the raised area is called, a grass football field can become a soupy, dangerous mess.
When rain falls on a football field, it can either soak into the soil or run off. The crown is designed to allow rain to run off toward the sidelines, away from the center of the field, where most of the action takes place. Jim McAfee of Texas A&M University, an expert on sports field design and maintenance, notes that on a field without a crown — or with an inadequate crown — water will quickly pond, forming pools. In addition to creating unsafe playing conditions, ponding causes the soil to compact more tightly, which only makes the problem worse.
Crowning a football field starts well before the grass is laid. The underlying soil is sculpted so that the crown runs down the middle of the field, roughly from one goalpost to the other. The area from the crown to each sideline is then graded so that there is a smooth, even slope down each side of the field. The slope is barely perceptible — perhaps 1 foot of drop over 75 feet, or about a 1 percent to 1.5 percent grade.
How high the crown should be depends on factors that include the type of soil underlying the field; the amount of rainfall the field can expect to receive; and any drainage system installed in the field. The most important of these is the soil. The firmer and less absorbent the soil, the sooner it becomes saturated and susceptible to ponding, so the higher the crown should be. Looser, more absorbent soils can have a lower crown because the soil can soak up more water before ponding begins. McAfee recommends a 12- to 18-inch crown, with the shorter heights used for loamy or sandy soils and the taller crowns for soils with a lot of clay. Paul E. Rieke, a pioneering soil and turf specialist at Michigan State University, has suggested going as high as 24 inches for extra-firm soils with poor drainage.
Once the crown has done its job and gotten water off the field, a football facility must have an adequate drainage system to move the water away from the sideline as well. Otherwise, it can just pool there and, if it’s rainy enough, back up onto the field. McAfee notes that many football fields are used for other sports, particularly soccer, which has a wider playing surface. Designers must take all uses of the field into account when determining crown height and field slope, lest they build a field on which football players stay dry but soccer players find themselves in ankle-deep puddles in spots.