How to Teach Football to Children

Explaining football and teaching the game to children appears to be a daunting task. There are rules, positions and game strategies to consider. However, if you take the time to break it down slowly and the children you are teaching are interested in learning about the game, it will be much easier for the youngsters to pick up. Start off with the basics and show them a few fundamentals to help make learning the game enjoyable.
Explain that there are 11 players on each team. The team with the ball is trying to score, and that unit is called the offense. The opposing team is trying to stop the offense, and that group is called the defense.
Tell your students that the offense tries to advance the ball by running or passing the ball. The quarterback passes the football, the running backs run with it and the receivers catch passes. The offensive linemen provide the blocking that gives the other players the time and opportunity to make plays.
Explain that the defense tries to tackle the player with the football. In addition to tackling the offensive players, the defense tries to intercept passes and force fumbles. The defensive linemen try to keep the blockers from protecting the quarterback and opening holes for the running game. The linebackers tackle the running backs. The defensive backs try to bat down passes, intercept the ball or tackle receivers.
Teach players that the offense needs to gain 10 yards per possession to retain the ball by earning a first down. If the offense does not gain 10 yards, the opponent gains possession.
Explain to youngsters that professional games consist of four 15-minute quarters and so do college games. High-school games usually consist of four 12-minute quarters. If the games are tied at the end of four quarters, overtime is played.
Explain that the offense wants to move the ball all the way down the field and put the ball in the end zone for a touchdown. A touchdown is worth 6 points. After the touchdown is scored, a team attempts a point after touchdown by kicking the ball through the goalposts. A team can score 2 points after the touchdown by running or passing the ball into the end zone. The extra-point attempts are attempted from the 3-yard line.
Tell youngsters that a team can kick a field goal worth 3 points if it does not get the ball into the end zone for a touchdown. A field goal is successful when the ball is placed on the ground and kicked through the uprights.
Tell the children that a team can score 2 points and record a safety if the opponent gets tackled with the ball in the endzone.
Show the youngsters how to pass the football. You must put your fingers on the laces and then step and throw the ball to the receiver.
Demonstrate how to catch the ball with your hands. A receiver needs to put his hands out in front of his body and catch the ball and then bring the ball into his body. A receiver cannot let the ball hit his chest and then try to catch the ball.
Show a young person how to make a tackle. It’s important that a youngster drives his shoulder into his opponent’s midsection and then wrap his arms around the ball carrier and drive him to the ground. The most important thing is never to lead with your helmet when tackling. Players can suffer devastating head and neck injuries when leading with their helmet and this must be avoided at all levels of the game. While serious injuries at the youth level are uncommon according to a study performed by the Mayo Clinic Department of Orthopedic Surgery, players can learn the proper way to tackle as youngsters and have a much better chance of avoiding major injuries later on.
Watch a football game on television with your youngster and point out what the quarterback is doing, how the offensive line is blocking and how the defense is attempting to stop the offense. Watching a high-school or college game is exciting, but it is much easier to teach the game when watching it on television. Record the game so you can go over the big plays and key moments.

A Sprinter’s Diet

Sprinters are a prime example of how important nutrition is for performance. To compete at the highest level, they need their nutrition to be on point so they have enough energy to stick to a demanding training schedule, yet they don’t eat so much they gain body fat, which can affect performance. Even if you’re not competing at the top level and just sprinting for your school, as part of an athletics team or for fun, you can make tweaks to your diet to optimize your performance on the track.
Calories are one of the most important aspects for sprinters to consider, but they can be a bit of a conundrum. Training sessions are rigorous, so you need plenty of calories for energy. However, body weight is also a concern — you need to have a low body fat level while still maintaining muscle mass to generate power. During the off-season, increase your calorie intake to the point where your weight is stable week after week and you’re eating enough so you feel energized for training and recover well after sessions. Sprinters often have to lose body weight in the lead up to a competition, according to the Australian Institute of Sport. Cut your calorie intake as competition approaches.
Sprinters should prioritize protein, notes “Men’s Fitness,” averaging around 1 gram per pound of body weight each day, or 60 percent of your total calorie intake. Focus on lean protein sources such as chicken breast and fish. Sprinter Allyson Felix, winner of three gold medals at the London 2012 Olympic Games also recommends having a protein-based drink after training sessions to help you recover.
Unlike longer running events, sprinters don’t need a lot of carbohydrates. “Men’s Fitness” advises getting most of your carbs from fruits and vegetables, sticking to dark-colored ones when possible. These include spinach, kale, broccoli, leeks, cabbage and all types of berries. You might find having a small portion of starchier carbohydrate, such as sweet potato, whole-grain bread or oatmeal before a race of training session gives you an energy boost, however, so time the majority of your carbohydrates around training and competitions.
Staying strict with your diet is important, but you don’t have to be 100 percent strict, 100 percent of the time. World record 100 and 200 meter holder Usain Bolt is known to bend the rules when it comes to dieting, claiming to eat fried chicken and fast food before races. Bolt does concede, however, that most of the time, he follows a healthy plan, consisting of meat, fish, rice, bananas, yams and traditional Jamaican dishes. U.S. sprinter Justin Gatlin adds that the older you get, the more you have to watch what you eat if you don’t want to pile on the pounds and slow down.

Questionnaire on the Effects of TV Violence on Children

Television cartoons aimed at children often contain violent acts. Other shows, such as the ¡°Law and Order¡± franchise and other police shows, contain depictions of graphic violence. Television violence pervades much programming available to families, who are trying to limit their children’s exposure to both television and violent content.
Today¡¯s children view an average of 200,000 acts of violence by their 18th birthday, reports Kids Health. This includes violent acts carried out by actors in ¡°good guy¡± roles, which can confuse young children. Parents who let their children know which shows are off-limits are on the right track in controlling what shows are allowed in their home; when their children visit a friend and watch TV at the friend¡¯s house, a different set of rules may be applied.
Children are exposed to television images from a very young age. Kids Health points out that two-thirds of toddlers and children under age six watch an average of two hours of television every day. Children and teenagers watch even more, clocking an average of four hours daily in front of the television, on top of nearly two additional hours playing video games and non-study-related computer time.
Children and teens that were exposed to the images of the World Trade Centers¡¯ collapse and the attack on the Pentagon reacted with fear because they were unable to understand that the attacks were limited to New York City and Washington, D.C. Dr. Charlotte Reznick, educational psychologist and associate clinical professor at UCLA, advises that ¡°preschool and elementary children¡± be restricted from viewing anything depicting that day ¡°because it becomes real to everyone and then it¡¯s too hard to handle.¡±
Parents are able to control the television shows their children watch. Technology, such as the V-chip, enables families to block shows with violent content. TV sets with screens larger than 13 inches are manufactured with internal V-chips; set-top boxes are available for hookup to TVs made before 2000. In addition, parents can take advantage of the ratings provided in television listings and guides: TV-Y, suitable for all children; TV-Y7, suitable for all children over 7 years of age; TV-Y7-FV, contains fantasy violence that may be more intense than in shows rated TV-Y7; TV-G, suitable for a general viewing audience; TV-PG, parental guidance recommended; TV-14, parents are strongly cautioned that this programming is suitable only for children over 14; TV-MA, intended only for mature audiences and unsuitable for children under 17.
The American Academy of Family Physicians has published a position paper on this subject, saying that television depictions of violence contribute to aggression, desensitization and trauma and victimization in young viewers. Even Saturday morning cartoons contain acts of violence–20 to 25 per hour, reports the AAFP.
The AAFP states that violent episodes coupled with humor, weapons and attractive actors can increase real-life aggression while episodes of violence coupled with humor, as well as depictions of graphic violence, are likely to instill fear and a feeling of victimization in viewers.